Minimum invasion is an alternative to the conventional surgical procedures that has become an advance to carry out diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in patients of all sizes.
For this flexible and rigid equipment can be used that are introduced through natural orifices to access to different structures or organs (for example the digestive, urinary or respiratory system) or on the contrary through small incisions that allow the access to certain structures that are not communicated with the exterior by small natural orifices (for example the joints, the thoracic and abdominal cavities or the cardiovascular system).
The main advantages of minimum invasion with respect to conventional surgical procedures are:
Less pain after surgery
Less infection rates
Early return to normal activity after surgery
Improvement in the aesthetic results
Which procedures can be carried out in minimum invasion?
The main advantages of endoscopy classified by systems are: Digestive system: dysphagia, regurgitation, chronic vomiting, hematemesis, anorexia, halitosis, melena, chronic diarrhoea, foreign bodies, dyschezia, tenesmus, neoplasia, loss of weight, obtain samples, dilations of stenosis of the digestive tube, stent implantation… Respiratory system: rhinorrhea, epistaxis, sneezing, foreign bodies, chronic coughing, tracheal collapse, hemoptisis, tracheobronchial lavage, broncoalveolar lavage, stent implantation, mass vaporization… Urinary system: chronic cystitis, hematuria, tumours, urolithiasis, dysuria, urinary incontinence, pyuria, obtaining samples… Abdominal cavity: exploratory laparoscopy, biopsies, laparoscopic spaying, gastropexy laparoscopic, laparoscopic cryptorchidiectomy, laparoscopic urolith extraction, laparoscopic nephrectomy, esplenectomías laparoscópicas… Thoracic cavity: exploratory thoracoscopy, biopsies, neumectomy, pulmonary lobectomy, pericardiectomy… Sense organs: chronic external otitis, otitis media, profound otic cleaning, foreign bodies, obtaining samples… Cardiovascular system: valvular stenosis, aneurysm, pacemaker implantation, heartworm removal, ductus arteriosus closure… Joints: removal of coronoid process fragments of the elbow, treatment of the osteocondritis dissecans of the shoulder, elbow, tarsus and knee, brachial bíceps tenotomy, diagnostic arthroscopies of the hip, knee, tarsus, shoulder, elbow and carpus.
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